Mariam grew up with Tuareg women and men including her sisters that have been continuously engaged for the protection and wellbeing of their people. They created the Tinhinan Sahel association in 1994, whose aim is to contribute to the development of the nomadic women in Sahel region, mainly in Burkina Faso, Mali and Niger. Mariam has continuously participated in the association since its creation. For example, she worked at the nutrition task force with the World Food Nutrition to assess the malnutrition level among nomadic displaced peoples (Tuareg and Peul) in Burkina Faso in 2007 due to flooding. She has been participating and facilitating several capacity building activities on human rights instruments (ILO Convention 169 on Indigenous and tribal peoples) and contribute to Tinhinan statements and publications mainly related to health and well -being but also to peace, development and human rights. She also speak on behalf of the organization and mainly for Tuareg women in several meetings (UNFPII, FAO, HLPF, etc.) and processes.